Shivaji spent some of his childhood here, but details of the period are limited and sketchy.
The man with the “quick eyes” was none other than Shivaji, then lord of the Bhonsle warrior clan, the man who would go on to become the founder of the mighty Maratha empire. Today, of course, is his birth anniversary (his 387th, if we go by the generally accepted date – there are other accounts where his year of birth has been given as 1627), and there will be great celebrations of the Maratha icon in Mumbai and other parts of Maharashtra, the core of his empire.
But Shivaji had a significant connection to Bengaluru as well. He spent some of his childhood here, but details of the period are limited and sketchy.Historical records say that he came to Bengaluru as a 12-year-old with his mother Jijabai to meet his father Shahaji Raje, who then ruled Bengaluru. According to city historian and author Maya Jayapal, Shahaji summoned Jijabai and their second son to Bengaluru. “Shivaji lived in Bengaluru for some time between 1640 and 1642 and took a liking to the city,” she says.
“Shivaji stayed in Bengaluru for a few years and his wedding took place in between. He liked the place and wanted to stay on for longer,” says city historian Suresh Moona, citing recordings from the Bengaluru Darshana, a city chronicle.
In 1973, well-known historian Sir Jadunath Sircar wrote a book titled Shivaji and his Times. In it, he records Jijabai’s letter to her husband Shahaji, where she tells him that the 12-year-old Shivaji, has gone long past marriageable age for a Maratha nobleman. The letter may have been the trigger for Shahaji asking Jijabai to Bengaluru, bringing their son with her. Shivaji duly arrived in Bengaluru around 1640, accompanied by Jijabai and Dadaji Konddeo, the head of Kondana fort and Shivaji’s guardian.They came to Shahaji’s Bengaluru palace, where he was residing with his second wife Tuka Bai and son Vyankoji (aka Ekoji), writes Sircar.
Sircar also provides details of Shiva ji’s wedding to Saibai Nimbalkar of Phaltan in Bengaluru, after which Shahaji bestowed him with powers to rule Pune.He sent the couple back in 1642 along with four handpicked administrators Shyamraj Nilkanth Ranjhekar as chancellor, Balkrishna Hanumante as accounts general, Sonaji Pant as secretary and Raghunath Ballal Korde as paymaster.
DV Kalauvkar, a retired school teacher who lives in Indira Nagar, has been researching the Maratha Empire since 1999. According to him, Shivaji’s first wedding to Saibai took place at Lal Mahal in Pune in the absence of his father. “Shahaji summoned the couple with Jijabai, and the wedding ceremony was conducted again in Bengaluru at Shahaji’s palace,” says the 72-year-old researcher.
The exact location of the palace where Shahaji lived and governed Bengaluru remains disputed with historical records providing little information. The Karnataka State Gazetteer of Bangalore District (Urban) edited by the late Karnataka historian Suryanath U Kamath speaks of a Gaurimahal Palace in the present-day Chickpet area where Shahaji is believed to have lived. This is also supposed to be the place where Shivaji and his elder brother Shambhaji spent some years of their childhood.
Historian M Fazlul Hasan in his famous book Bangalore Through The Centuries describes a Gowri Vilasa Hall in the city where Shahaji lived and conducted court. Hasan quotes a poem – a Sanskrit champu – called Radha Madhava Vilasa, which the poet, Jayarama Pandye, is said to have read to Shivaji and Shahaji at the Hall.
Hasan speculates that the Gowri Vilasa Hall was perhaps inside the old palace built by Kempe gowda, built at what is now the dilapidated Mohan buildings (built in 1909) and the defunct Vijayalakshmi theatre building in Chickpet stand.
Another link between the Marathas and Bengaluru is explored in Bengaluru to Bangalore by Annaswamy TV. According to Annaswamy, Shahaji repaired Kempegowda’s fort, reinforcing its four towers and nine gates. He too, places the fort in the Chickpet area.
SHIVAJI MEMORIAL IN SADASHIV NAGAR
In Sadashivnagar still stands the 14ft tall and six ft wide bronze statue of Chhatrapati Shivaji on a two-storey fortress like structure. Unveiled on January 10, 1993 by then Maharashtra Chief Minister Sharad Pawar alongside his Karnataka counterpart M Veerappa Moily, the statue was the subject of protests by linguistic groups and it took over a decade for the statue to be unveiled to the public after it was originally commissioned in 1983.
SHIVAJI THEATRE ON JC ROAD
A landmark cinema hall in the Garden City, the Shivaji theatre near the Town Hall was unveiled by Sir Mirza Ismail, then Diwan of Mysore, in 1940. Former Bangalore city mayor and Karnataka Film Chamber of Commerce President KM Naganna took the hall on lease from its Marathi owners and operated the place till the early 1980s. The theatre building with the statue of Shivaji displayed prominently on top was partly demolished in the late 80s and has been used as a warehouse ever since. But the statue still stands on the dilapidated structure and can be seen as you pass the busy JC Road.
source: http://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com / The Times of India / News> City News> Bangalore News / by Petlee Peter / TNN / February 19th, 2017
Masterpiece Students working on artist John Devaraj’s artwork at the Indian Agricultural Science Congress in Bengaluru on Tuesday. | Photo Credit: Sudhakara Jain
Titled tree of life, artist attempts to enter Guinness Book of World Records
The sprawling campus of the University of Agricultural Sciences-Bengaluru is set to have a 29-ft-tall terracotta tree, which is claimed to be the world’s tallest terracotta structure.
Bengaluru-based artist John Devaraj is trying to create the tree, titled ‘tree of life’, with the involvement of scientists and students of the university. Mr. Devaraj plans to seek entry for this structure into the Guinness Book of World Records.
The process of creating the tree of life has begun at the Indian Agricultural Science Congress, where nearly 2,000 scientists are deliberating on the theme ‘climate smart agriculture’. The creators of the tree are not only getting mud impressions of leaves from different species of trees on the university campus, but also the signatures of scientists on it. “It is like an endorsement from scientists and dignitaries that they would commit themselves to protecting farmers,” says B.N. Sathyanarayana, university Head of Horticulture Division, who is co-ordinating the artwork.
Mr. Devaraj said: “Our tree of life tries to send a message that the society will stand by farmers when the agriculture sector is going through crisis,” he says.
The artist has also come out with two paintings on either side of the entrance to the venue. While one depicts the bountifulness of nature, which was extracted by humans, the other represents a sorry state of affairs in which a farmer is being crucified to his plough.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> News> States> Karnataka / by B S Satish Kumar / February 23rd, 2017
Geetha A.B. has been elected Chairperson of the Bengaluru branch of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) for 2017-18.
She is the first woman head of the professional body. She has over 13 years of professional experience and is specialised in direct taxation and auditing. Her contributions to the CA professional community as Secretary, Treasurer and CA Students’ Head have been noteworthy, said an official press note.
The Bengaluru branch caters to the needs of nearly 13,500 CAs and 30,000 students on its rolls. Ms. Geetha has also been an active member of Karnataka State Chartered Accountants Association and AWAKE, women entrepreneurs association of Karnataka.
Other office-bearers are Shravan Guduthur (Vice-Chairman) Bhat Shivaram Shankar (Secretary), Raveendra S. Kore (Treasurer), and Bhojaraj T. Shetty (nominated-Chairman).
The ICAI, a statutory body, has a Council comprising 40 members, with 32 elected and the rest nominated by the Central government.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> News> Cities> Bengaluru / by Special Correspondent / Bengaluru – February 18th, 2017
Ajit Lamba has served on Indian Air Force for 36 years
What’s the right age to start flying an aircraft and when should one stop flying? If you ask 81-year-old Air Vice Marshal Ajit Lamba (Retd), his reply will be: You start flying as early as you can (if not when you are born) and you stop flying the day you die.
He is the oldest pilot to fly in the history of Aero India, but he calls himself the youngest aviator. Lamba will display his skills at Yelahanka Air Force Station on Wednesday. He will be given two slots of six minutes to showcase his skills with Hansa-3, which he will fly from the hangars of National Aerospace Laboratories.
“I had skipped two editions of Aero India as Hansa-3 was grounded for a few reasons. NAL approached me to fly it and I accepted it the very moment. I will fly Hansa-3, which is non-aerobatic. I am excited to perform for the Bengaluru crowd,” Lamba told Express.
An ace pilot with decades of experience, Lamba has served the Indian Air Force for 36 years. He retired in 1991 but continued to fly planes when he is not playing golf. “I fly planes frequently as it is my passion and hobby too,” he said. His last posting was at Bengaluru-based Aircraft and Systems Testing Establishment (ASTE), an institution training test pilots and flight test engineers. He has been living in Bengaluru for the past 25 years.
The veteran pilot has an enormous amount of experience having flown at least 100 types of planes and logging close to 7,500 hours in his 60-year career.
source: http://www.newindianexpress.com / The New Indian Express / Home> Cities> Bengaluru / by Express News Service / February 15th, 2017
City’s orthopaedic surgeon and former President of Karnataka Orthopaedic Association Dr. N. Nithyanand Rao being felicitated at the ongoing 41st Annual Karnataka Orthopaedic State Conference in Hubballi this morning.
The highlight of the conference is an Oration in honour of Prof. Verghese Chacko, Past President of Indian Orthopaedic Association and Head, Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal.
The Oration was delivered by Dr. Nithyanand Rao, who spoke on “Rapid rise of over-informed patient – Opportunity or ‘probortunity’.”
About 1000 delegates are attending the three-day conference which will conclude tomorrow.
source: http://www.starofmysore.com / Star of Mysore / Home>General News / February 04th, 2017
He was among the first to study “black holes” even before they had been so named so.
Professor C.V. Vishveshwara who did pioneering work on black holes, passed away in the night of January 16, in Bengaluru, after a period of illness. He was nearing 78 years. In the 1970s, while at University of Maryland, he was among the first to study “black holes” even before they had been so named. His calculations succeeded in giving a graphical form to the signal that would be emitted by two merging black holes – this was the waveform detected in 2015 by the LIGO collaboration, and contain the so-called “quasi normal modes” – a ringdown stage that sounds like a bell’s ringing sound that is fading out.
Known to all as ‘Vishu’, he was given to irrepressible, infectious humour and could hold the audience in fits of laughter when he spoke. In 2015, during a short talk he gave at a conference to commemorate the first detection of gravitational waves, at International Centre for Theoretical Sciences Bengaluru (ICTS), he jokingly said that he should now probably be known as Quasimodo (after having first discovered the quasi-normal modes).
Inspired by his father C. K. Venkata Ramayya who was a writer and Padmashri awardee, Prof. Vishveshwara took to composing cartoons, many of which have been published in physics conference proceedings. Spektrum der Wissenschaft, a German popular science magazine, had published many of his cartoons depicting Einstein.
“Though I have many wonderful memories of the 1979 Einstein symposium [held at Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad] the most memorable one was Vishu’s lecture entitled ‘Black Holes for Bedtime’. To me it was a magical experience; an exotic cocktail of science, art, humour and caricature. Equations were not necessarily abstract and unspeakable but could as well be translated in the best literary tradition. Over the years Vishu’s cartoons in the ICGC proceedings were always awaited,” says Prof Bala Iyer a long-time collaborator of Vishveshwara, who is now at ICTS.
Prof. Vishveshwara was the founding director of the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium in Bengaluru. Important in his work there is the setting up of the REAP (Research Education Advancement Programme in Physical Sciences). This is a three-year programme that undergraduate students can enrol in, which would complement their college curriculum.
He has written several books to popularise his area of work that are widely read, one of which is ‘Einstein’s Enigma, or, Black Holes in My Bubble Bath’.
He is survived by his wife, Prof. Saraswathi, and two daughters Smitha and Namitha who are both scientists.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> Sci-Tech> Science / by Shubashree Desikan / January 17th, 2017
A city-based computer scientist who spent over four decades in the US and racked up an outstanding body of work is starting a first-of-its-kind talent search programme in the state. For this initiative, he has had inputs and backing from another titan in the field of science — Prof C N R Rao, who will inaugurate the programme’s award function in Indian Institute of Science on Friday.
The programme, called NIAS-Maiya Prodigy, involves 10 meritorious students from various parts of the state — some from rural areas — who will receive a scholarship of `50,000. The students can be from any field. The USP of the programme is that the 10 students will have a mentor assigned to them who will guide them in their studies and careers and monitor them over five years. This programme is a joint initiative by the food brand Maiya, National College and the Iyengar Medical Foundation.
Prof Sundaraja Sitharama Iyengar
“Nobody else in the world is doing this, not even in the US,” says Prof Sundaraja Sitharama Iyengar, who conceived the project and had it executed over the past 18 months.
Prof Iyengar is currently the Ryder Professor and Director of Computer Science at Florida International University, Miami, USA. During his career, he has received many prestigious awards including the NRI Mahatma Gandhi Pradvasi Medal at the House of Lords in London on October 2013.
When asked about his biggest accomplishment, he says, “It was mentoring younger minds. Even now, what I want is to discover the next Ramanujan or C N R Rao.” It was this thought, along with the urge to give back to his country that made him come up with the programme.
The seeds of the idea were sown two years ago when he spoke to Prof Rao about his idea, and the latter liked it. Iyengar then set about an exhaustive selection process. After multiple selection rounds, 10 students were chosen for the scholarship, and their names will be announced at 3.30 pm on Friday at NIAS Auditorium, IISC.
Describing the students, Iyengar says, “I came across some bright students with lofty ambitions, and they are all technically good. One of them wants to win a Nobel Prize. Another wants to find a cure for blindness. We have so much potential, but there are problems like inability to articulate well and lack of confidence. Their mentors will work with them and teach them how to ask questions.”
source: http://www.newindianexpress.com / The New Indian Express / Home> States> Karnataka / by Tushar Kaushik / Express News Service / January 06th, 2017
Did you know Karnataka and Bengal share a deep-rooted literary bond? Neither did almost 800 Bengalis and 200 non-Bengalis who attended the three-day Bengali literature and cultural fest, held nearly after a decade in the city on December 25, to know that.
Ranjon Ghoshal, an engineer by profession and founding member of Bengali band Moheener Ghoraguli talked about the exchange of literature between Karnataka and Bengal since the 12th century. Ranjon is a literature and theatre enthusiast
He stated that the king who ruled Bengal and parts of Orissa in 1160 AD, Ballala Sen, hailed from the coastal region of Karnataka. Ballala Sen was a poet and literature flourished in Bengal during his reign. Ballala Sen authored two books Danasagara and Adbhutasagara.
“Bengal during the Sena regime can be considered a silver period,” said Ranjon Ghoshal. “The kingdom prospered and law and social responsibility was maintained so Bengal is indebted to the Sena dynasty,” he added.
The second link is the city of Gauda, that is located in the present day Malda. The city served as the capital of Bengal for more than 500 years and Bengal was almost synonymous to it. According to Ranjon, this co-incidence has something to do with the Goud Saraswat Brahmins of the Konkan Bay.
“I would suggest the link to the fact that Bengal had sent emissaries to coastal regions ultimately to reach the Konkan Bay. It was then that cultural colonisation took place between Bengal and Karnataka,” he said.
The third parallel drawn was when the spiritual leader,Chaitanya Mahaprabhu from Bengal started the Bhakti Movement in 15th century, his two primary disciples Roop and Sanathan were from Karnataka.
On further studying the links between two separate states, the 61-year-old literature-enthusiast found an intriguing similarity. “If you search the historical literary movements that shaped the country in the north and south, you will not find a concrete evidence to explain this coincidence. But if you search the Kabir and Chaitanya of the north separately and Dasa and Bhakti people of the south, all are contemporaries. There is a maximum of 50 years gap.” he said.
When the Kannada literary movement, Navodaya started in 20th century, it was heavily influenced by Tagore and vice-versa. Ranjon, gave the talk on the topic titled Ballal Sen to Banalata Sen, a Bengali poem written in 1942 by the poet Jibanananda Das with an idea to demarcate the span through which Bengal and Karnataka have been exchanging literature and culture.
“Bengal and Karnataka have exchanged more than glances with one another, the have looked deep into each other’s eyes with love and remand,” he said.
Pranab Mukherjee at the inauguration
The three-day event called the 89th Annual Conference was organised by Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan and was inagurated by the president of India, Pranab Mukherjee. The conference is held annually by the Bengali community to keep the regional literature alive among Bengalis living in different parts of the country.
It was held fourth time in Karnataka, the last one being in 2007 and the first one being in 1959.
“One of the biggest revelation from the conference was the historical link we share with Karnataka. Now we live in an era of mixed race. My daughter is married to a Kannadiga here but the it was amazing to know that one of our king was from Karnataka and the translation period of Karnataka and Bengal is so ancient,” said Manomita Roy, conference secretary of the event.
source: http://www.newindianexpress.com / The New Indian Express / Home> States> Karnataka / by Express News Service / December 31st, 2016
T. Sunandamma, popular humour writer, was the first president of the Karnataka Lekhakiyara Sangha | Photo Credit: Handout E Mail
The KLS was formed by women writers, who felt they were being excluded from the mainstream
Karnataka Lekhakiyara Sangha (KLS), a collective of women writers started in 1979, has released documentaries on eight remarkable women who have steered the organisation since its inception.
The documentaries have been made by D.S. Suresh. He had earlier made films on 15 Kannada women writers who have received the prestigious Anupama Award. KLS made use of grants given by the Department of Kannada and Culture for this project.
The documentaries cover T. Sunandamma, H.S. Parvathy, Hemalatha Mahishi, Nagamani S. Rao, Shashikala Veeraiahswamy, Usha P. Rai, Sandhya Reddy and Vasundhara Bhoopathi. It was released by S.G. Siddaramaiah, chairperson of the Kannada Development Authority, on Monday.
Mr. Suresh worked on this ambitious project for more than 18 months. He had interviewed over 125 people, including writers. “These documentaries can reach out to people who have little knowledge about literature. It will help them to know about women writers and their contribution to literature and the Sangha,” he added.
Women writers in Kannada, who felt they were being excluded from the mainstream, decided to join hands to form KLS. “Initially, it was an informal group. It grew slowly and T. Sunandamma, popular humour writer, became the first president of the Sangha, which had only 20 members in 1979.
Dr. Vasundhara Bhoopathi, president of the Sangha, said they are now planning to record the contribution of women Kannada writers in and outside Karnataka under the title ‘Nanna Kavithe Nanna Haadu’ (my poetry, my songs).
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> News> Cities> Bengaluru / by Special Correspondent / December 12th, 2016
The National Day Receptions were glittering occasions which enabled us to meet our own counterparts from other Embassies. Old photographs revive memories of past friendships. Our lives were enriched by reaching across national borders, to find that despite linguistic or cultural differences, we were fellow travellers in distant lands
A Toast at a National Day Reception.
by Girija Madhavan
My husband, A. Madhavan and I started life in the Indian Foreign Service in Rangoon [Yangon, Myanmar] from 1958 to 1961. Over thirty three years, we lived in nine posts abroad and two in New Delhi. We wandered from one metropolis to another, facing linguistic and life style challenges in different settings. We confronted cultural, climatic and political problems in some countries; we also experienced moments of delight in others. Such are the coloured skeins woven into the tapestry of our memories. Meeting people of different nationalities and cultures and forging friendships with them has been fulfilling.
The “Ministry of External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations” was formed in 1947 from the former “Foreign and Political Department” of the British Indian Government. The Indian Foreign Service [IFS] started in 1948, is its diplomatic wing. It is distinct from the Indian Forest Service, also “IFS,” which can be confusing. Among the early Indian diplomats is Sri V. Siddharthacharry of Acharya Vidya Kula, Mysuru. The first recruits were selected by of the Union Public Services Commission in 1948. Madhavan was a member of the batch of 1956. He was sent to Trinity College, Cambridge as part of his training. Burmese was his “Compulsory Foreign Language.” He also had to pass a Departmental exam in Hindi which he did not know. The poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan, father of Amitabh Bachchan, headed the Department of Hindi. This was the only exam in which Madhavan did not do well!
Now, IFS Trainees go to the Lal Bahadur National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie. Earlier it was in Metcalfe House, Delhi, near the Jamuna River. The training with the Police included horse riding. Madhavan remembers a Police horse which would obstinately try to trot back to its stable with him on its back in the middle of the exercise.
I first heard the words “Ambassador” and “Embassy” as a girl of twelve. This was when Dr. S. Radhakrishnan came to Yadavagiri, Mysuru, for the wedding of his son, Dr. S. Gopal, to a Mysurean bride. At that time he was the Ambassador of India to the USSR [1949 to 1952] and had come from Moscow for the wedding.
The bride was “Kaveri”, later re-named “Indira” by her parents-in-law. She was the second daughter of Dr. and Mrs. H.V. Ramaswamy, our close friends and a respected Mysurean family. They belonged to the Babboor Kamme community and hailed from Belavadi. Kaveri was tall, lovely and highly educated. The Ramaswamy home still stands in Yadavagiri and now houses the “Hobby Centre” for young people.
I remember Dr. Radhakrishnan walking down Vivekananda Road to the wedding venue in a gas lit marriage procession, standing out among the glittering, sari clad participants, a striking figure in a white Achkan and dhoti, worn in the “panchakaccham” style.
In 1959 we settled into the diplomatic circuit, the youngest in the official hierarchy. Getting on with our Embassy folk, Burmese officials and our neighbours was not so hard. At the core, diplomacy is what is known as “Jana Balike” in Kannada. The intricacies of protocol and entertaining were more complex. Now the Ministry of External Affairs arranges courses for young Indian diplomats and their spouses on etiquette, table arrangements and menus. Coming from a small town, I only knew of Rotary events in Hotel Metropole or Hotel Krishnaraja Sagara which I attended with my parents. Those parties were unlike the formal events we were invited to or had to host. We learnt by observing and adjusting. The National Day Receptions were glittering occasions which enabled us to meet our own counterparts from other Embassies. Old photographs revive memories of past friendships. Our lives were enriched by reaching across national borders, to find that despite linguistic or cultural differences, we were fellow travellers in distant lands.
source: http://www.starofmysore.com / Star of Mysore / Home> Feature Articles / November 28th, 2016