Little-known episode in state’s history to figure in archive’s digitisation plan
Termed the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of Karnataka, the execution of 9 of the 19 freedom fighters by the British government, which was never part of the state’s history, will now be available in book format.
The book titled ‘The Unsung Freedom’ will be published shorty by the Karnataka State Archives Department as part of digitisation of historical documents, K A Dayananda, director, Archives Department, told reporters on Tuesday.
The department has taken up digitisation of old documents pertaining to the state on a massive scale. The Archives Department has launched a web portal (http://archives.kannadasiri.co.in) for easy access to historical records of the state at the click of a mouse. Karnataka is the only state in the country to digitise historical documents to help research scholars, students and the public.
Nonagenarian Konana Channabasappa recently shared the 50-page judgement copy of the Madras Court during the colonial period about the capital punishment given to 19 freedom fighters. The Britishers executed 9 of the 19 freedom fighters. They were working abroad drawing handsome salaries then. They returned to India responding to Subhas Chandra Bose’s call to fight for freedom and joined the East India Company on meagre wages. They worked secretely collecting information about the British government’s activities and fought against them. However, they were arrested once their secret mission was exposed and were awarded capital punishment.
“The sacrifice of these freedom fighters was never a part of history. We know about Sangolli Rayanna’s execution as history refers to his heroic deeds. The sacrifice of nine freedom fighters is no less than that of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre victims. Hence, the department has decided to bring out the judgement copy which deals with activities of the 19 freedom fighters in a book form,” Dayananda said.
The department has digitised around five lakh pages and hopes to complete the digitisation of over 1.5 crore pages in two years. The department is in touch with government agencies in Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Hyderabad and Thiruvananthapuram to procure documents pertaining to Karnataka. The process of getting content running into 20,000 pages pertaining to Karnataka from England is also on, he said.
Around 129 people used the Archives department’s documents in 2016, around 86 in 2015 and 85 in 2014.
The department awarded Rs 10,000 scholarships to research students to make use of documents. The amount has been increased to Rs 20,000. Only 1% of the population knows about the department’s documents. Hence, the department conducted an exhibition in various parts of the state last year to create awareness about the importance of historical documents available for reference, he added.
Content comprising around 55,000 pages is in running Kannada handwriting which only experts can read. The department has hired 15 scholars to read and translate them to modern Kannada, he said.
source: http://www.deccanherald.com / Deccan Herald / Home> State / DH News Service / Bengaluru – April 26th, 2017
For Anusha G., a probationary police sub-inspector (PSI) attached to Kuvempunagar station in Mysuru, the results of the gazetted probationary exam held by the Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC) have brought cheer and bolstered her resolve to bring laurels to the Police Department.
Ms. Anusha, a Taekwondo black belt holder, has been given the post of Deputy Superintendent of Police (DySP) after she ranked 12th in the exam. She is ranked first among the DySP postings.
“I could have opted for the post of Assistant Commissioner in the Revenue Department as my first choice, but I wanted to remain in the Police Department, a childhood dream. Therefore, DySP was my first choice and AC (Revenue) my second option. My training at the Karnataka Police Academy in Mysuru and subsequent posting as PSI only strengthened my resolve to continue to serve the department,” she told The Hindu.
Ms. Anusha, a native of Bengaluru, said her parents and brother have backed her decision. Her father Ganesh K.S. works with the Union government, while her mother Kusuma is a homemaker.
Incidentally, Ms. Anusha had come first in PSI examination as well. She joined the department in October last year.
The young officer said senior IPS officer Sonia Narang was her role model. “I once interacted with her. She influenced me so much,” she said.
A topper in academics since her school days, Ms. Anusha held the first rank and got eight gold medals on graduating from Bishop Cotton Women’s College. She did her Masters in Public Administration.
Women’s safety and empowerment are among her top priorities. “The new posting will encourage me to implement initiatives for the safety of women and children. I am also keen to spread awareness [on this],” she said.
Ms. Anusha encouraged more women to be mentally strong and join the force. She was a silver medallist in Taekwondo at the Guwahati National Games in 2007, and always makes time to interact with students.
Mysuru Police Commissioner A. Subramanyeshwara Rao congratulated Ms. Anusha on her success.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> News> States> Karnataka / by Shankar Bennur / Mysuru – April 25th, 2017
Shivaji spent some of his childhood here, but details of the period are limited and sketchy.
The man with the “quick eyes” was none other than Shivaji, then lord of the Bhonsle warrior clan, the man who would go on to become the founder of the mighty Maratha empire. Today, of course, is his birth anniversary (his 387th, if we go by the generally accepted date – there are other accounts where his year of birth has been given as 1627), and there will be great celebrations of the Maratha icon in Mumbai and other parts of Maharashtra, the core of his empire.
But Shivaji had a significant connection to Bengaluru as well. He spent some of his childhood here, but details of the period are limited and sketchy.Historical records say that he came to Bengaluru as a 12-year-old with his mother Jijabai to meet his father Shahaji Raje, who then ruled Bengaluru. According to city historian and author Maya Jayapal, Shahaji summoned Jijabai and their second son to Bengaluru. “Shivaji lived in Bengaluru for some time between 1640 and 1642 and took a liking to the city,” she says.
“Shivaji stayed in Bengaluru for a few years and his wedding took place in between. He liked the place and wanted to stay on for longer,” says city historian Suresh Moona, citing recordings from the Bengaluru Darshana, a city chronicle.
In 1973, well-known historian Sir Jadunath Sircar wrote a book titled Shivaji and his Times. In it, he records Jijabai’s letter to her husband Shahaji, where she tells him that the 12-year-old Shivaji, has gone long past marriageable age for a Maratha nobleman. The letter may have been the trigger for Shahaji asking Jijabai to Bengaluru, bringing their son with her. Shivaji duly arrived in Bengaluru around 1640, accompanied by Jijabai and Dadaji Konddeo, the head of Kondana fort and Shivaji’s guardian.They came to Shahaji’s Bengaluru palace, where he was residing with his second wife Tuka Bai and son Vyankoji (aka Ekoji), writes Sircar.
Sircar also provides details of Shiva ji’s wedding to Saibai Nimbalkar of Phaltan in Bengaluru, after which Shahaji bestowed him with powers to rule Pune.He sent the couple back in 1642 along with four handpicked administrators Shyamraj Nilkanth Ranjhekar as chancellor, Balkrishna Hanumante as accounts general, Sonaji Pant as secretary and Raghunath Ballal Korde as paymaster.
DV Kalauvkar, a retired school teacher who lives in Indira Nagar, has been researching the Maratha Empire since 1999. According to him, Shivaji’s first wedding to Saibai took place at Lal Mahal in Pune in the absence of his father. “Shahaji summoned the couple with Jijabai, and the wedding ceremony was conducted again in Bengaluru at Shahaji’s palace,” says the 72-year-old researcher.
The exact location of the palace where Shahaji lived and governed Bengaluru remains disputed with historical records providing little information. The Karnataka State Gazetteer of Bangalore District (Urban) edited by the late Karnataka historian Suryanath U Kamath speaks of a Gaurimahal Palace in the present-day Chickpet area where Shahaji is believed to have lived. This is also supposed to be the place where Shivaji and his elder brother Shambhaji spent some years of their childhood.
Historian M Fazlul Hasan in his famous book Bangalore Through The Centuries describes a Gowri Vilasa Hall in the city where Shahaji lived and conducted court. Hasan quotes a poem – a Sanskrit champu – called Radha Madhava Vilasa, which the poet, Jayarama Pandye, is said to have read to Shivaji and Shahaji at the Hall.
Hasan speculates that the Gowri Vilasa Hall was perhaps inside the old palace built by Kempe gowda, built at what is now the dilapidated Mohan buildings (built in 1909) and the defunct Vijayalakshmi theatre building in Chickpet stand.
Another link between the Marathas and Bengaluru is explored in Bengaluru to Bangalore by Annaswamy TV. According to Annaswamy, Shahaji repaired Kempegowda’s fort, reinforcing its four towers and nine gates. He too, places the fort in the Chickpet area.
SHIVAJI MEMORIAL IN SADASHIV NAGAR
In Sadashivnagar still stands the 14ft tall and six ft wide bronze statue of Chhatrapati Shivaji on a two-storey fortress like structure. Unveiled on January 10, 1993 by then Maharashtra Chief Minister Sharad Pawar alongside his Karnataka counterpart M Veerappa Moily, the statue was the subject of protests by linguistic groups and it took over a decade for the statue to be unveiled to the public after it was originally commissioned in 1983.
SHIVAJI THEATRE ON JC ROAD
A landmark cinema hall in the Garden City, the Shivaji theatre near the Town Hall was unveiled by Sir Mirza Ismail, then Diwan of Mysore, in 1940. Former Bangalore city mayor and Karnataka Film Chamber of Commerce President KM Naganna took the hall on lease from its Marathi owners and operated the place till the early 1980s. The theatre building with the statue of Shivaji displayed prominently on top was partly demolished in the late 80s and has been used as a warehouse ever since. But the statue still stands on the dilapidated structure and can be seen as you pass the busy JC Road.
source: http://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com / The Times of India / News> City News> Bangalore News / by Petlee Peter / TNN / February 19th, 2017
Masterpiece Students working on artist John Devaraj’s artwork at the Indian Agricultural Science Congress in Bengaluru on Tuesday. | Photo Credit: Sudhakara Jain
Titled tree of life, artist attempts to enter Guinness Book of World Records
The sprawling campus of the University of Agricultural Sciences-Bengaluru is set to have a 29-ft-tall terracotta tree, which is claimed to be the world’s tallest terracotta structure.
Bengaluru-based artist John Devaraj is trying to create the tree, titled ‘tree of life’, with the involvement of scientists and students of the university. Mr. Devaraj plans to seek entry for this structure into the Guinness Book of World Records.
The process of creating the tree of life has begun at the Indian Agricultural Science Congress, where nearly 2,000 scientists are deliberating on the theme ‘climate smart agriculture’. The creators of the tree are not only getting mud impressions of leaves from different species of trees on the university campus, but also the signatures of scientists on it. “It is like an endorsement from scientists and dignitaries that they would commit themselves to protecting farmers,” says B.N. Sathyanarayana, university Head of Horticulture Division, who is co-ordinating the artwork.
Mr. Devaraj said: “Our tree of life tries to send a message that the society will stand by farmers when the agriculture sector is going through crisis,” he says.
The artist has also come out with two paintings on either side of the entrance to the venue. While one depicts the bountifulness of nature, which was extracted by humans, the other represents a sorry state of affairs in which a farmer is being crucified to his plough.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> News> States> Karnataka / by B S Satish Kumar / February 23rd, 2017
Geetha A.B. has been elected Chairperson of the Bengaluru branch of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) for 2017-18.
She is the first woman head of the professional body. She has over 13 years of professional experience and is specialised in direct taxation and auditing. Her contributions to the CA professional community as Secretary, Treasurer and CA Students’ Head have been noteworthy, said an official press note.
The Bengaluru branch caters to the needs of nearly 13,500 CAs and 30,000 students on its rolls. Ms. Geetha has also been an active member of Karnataka State Chartered Accountants Association and AWAKE, women entrepreneurs association of Karnataka.
Other office-bearers are Shravan Guduthur (Vice-Chairman) Bhat Shivaram Shankar (Secretary), Raveendra S. Kore (Treasurer), and Bhojaraj T. Shetty (nominated-Chairman).
The ICAI, a statutory body, has a Council comprising 40 members, with 32 elected and the rest nominated by the Central government.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> News> Cities> Bengaluru / by Special Correspondent / Bengaluru – February 18th, 2017
Ajit Lamba has served on Indian Air Force for 36 years
What’s the right age to start flying an aircraft and when should one stop flying? If you ask 81-year-old Air Vice Marshal Ajit Lamba (Retd), his reply will be: You start flying as early as you can (if not when you are born) and you stop flying the day you die.
He is the oldest pilot to fly in the history of Aero India, but he calls himself the youngest aviator. Lamba will display his skills at Yelahanka Air Force Station on Wednesday. He will be given two slots of six minutes to showcase his skills with Hansa-3, which he will fly from the hangars of National Aerospace Laboratories.
“I had skipped two editions of Aero India as Hansa-3 was grounded for a few reasons. NAL approached me to fly it and I accepted it the very moment. I will fly Hansa-3, which is non-aerobatic. I am excited to perform for the Bengaluru crowd,” Lamba told Express.
An ace pilot with decades of experience, Lamba has served the Indian Air Force for 36 years. He retired in 1991 but continued to fly planes when he is not playing golf. “I fly planes frequently as it is my passion and hobby too,” he said. His last posting was at Bengaluru-based Aircraft and Systems Testing Establishment (ASTE), an institution training test pilots and flight test engineers. He has been living in Bengaluru for the past 25 years.
The veteran pilot has an enormous amount of experience having flown at least 100 types of planes and logging close to 7,500 hours in his 60-year career.
source: http://www.newindianexpress.com / The New Indian Express / Home> Cities> Bengaluru / by Express News Service / February 15th, 2017
City’s orthopaedic surgeon and former President of Karnataka Orthopaedic Association Dr. N. Nithyanand Rao being felicitated at the ongoing 41st Annual Karnataka Orthopaedic State Conference in Hubballi this morning.
The highlight of the conference is an Oration in honour of Prof. Verghese Chacko, Past President of Indian Orthopaedic Association and Head, Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal.
The Oration was delivered by Dr. Nithyanand Rao, who spoke on “Rapid rise of over-informed patient – Opportunity or ‘probortunity’.”
About 1000 delegates are attending the three-day conference which will conclude tomorrow.
source: http://www.starofmysore.com / Star of Mysore / Home>General News / February 04th, 2017
He was among the first to study “black holes” even before they had been so named so.
Professor C.V. Vishveshwara who did pioneering work on black holes, passed away in the night of January 16, in Bengaluru, after a period of illness. He was nearing 78 years. In the 1970s, while at University of Maryland, he was among the first to study “black holes” even before they had been so named. His calculations succeeded in giving a graphical form to the signal that would be emitted by two merging black holes – this was the waveform detected in 2015 by the LIGO collaboration, and contain the so-called “quasi normal modes” – a ringdown stage that sounds like a bell’s ringing sound that is fading out.
Known to all as ‘Vishu’, he was given to irrepressible, infectious humour and could hold the audience in fits of laughter when he spoke. In 2015, during a short talk he gave at a conference to commemorate the first detection of gravitational waves, at International Centre for Theoretical Sciences Bengaluru (ICTS), he jokingly said that he should now probably be known as Quasimodo (after having first discovered the quasi-normal modes).
Inspired by his father C. K. Venkata Ramayya who was a writer and Padmashri awardee, Prof. Vishveshwara took to composing cartoons, many of which have been published in physics conference proceedings. Spektrum der Wissenschaft, a German popular science magazine, had published many of his cartoons depicting Einstein.
“Though I have many wonderful memories of the 1979 Einstein symposium [held at Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad] the most memorable one was Vishu’s lecture entitled ‘Black Holes for Bedtime’. To me it was a magical experience; an exotic cocktail of science, art, humour and caricature. Equations were not necessarily abstract and unspeakable but could as well be translated in the best literary tradition. Over the years Vishu’s cartoons in the ICGC proceedings were always awaited,” says Prof Bala Iyer a long-time collaborator of Vishveshwara, who is now at ICTS.
Prof. Vishveshwara was the founding director of the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium in Bengaluru. Important in his work there is the setting up of the REAP (Research Education Advancement Programme in Physical Sciences). This is a three-year programme that undergraduate students can enrol in, which would complement their college curriculum.
He has written several books to popularise his area of work that are widely read, one of which is ‘Einstein’s Enigma, or, Black Holes in My Bubble Bath’.
He is survived by his wife, Prof. Saraswathi, and two daughters Smitha and Namitha who are both scientists.
source: http://www.thehindu.com / The Hindu / Home> Sci-Tech> Science / by Shubashree Desikan / January 17th, 2017
A city-based computer scientist who spent over four decades in the US and racked up an outstanding body of work is starting a first-of-its-kind talent search programme in the state. For this initiative, he has had inputs and backing from another titan in the field of science — Prof C N R Rao, who will inaugurate the programme’s award function in Indian Institute of Science on Friday.
The programme, called NIAS-Maiya Prodigy, involves 10 meritorious students from various parts of the state — some from rural areas — who will receive a scholarship of `50,000. The students can be from any field. The USP of the programme is that the 10 students will have a mentor assigned to them who will guide them in their studies and careers and monitor them over five years. This programme is a joint initiative by the food brand Maiya, National College and the Iyengar Medical Foundation.
Prof Sundaraja Sitharama Iyengar
“Nobody else in the world is doing this, not even in the US,” says Prof Sundaraja Sitharama Iyengar, who conceived the project and had it executed over the past 18 months.
Prof Iyengar is currently the Ryder Professor and Director of Computer Science at Florida International University, Miami, USA. During his career, he has received many prestigious awards including the NRI Mahatma Gandhi Pradvasi Medal at the House of Lords in London on October 2013.
When asked about his biggest accomplishment, he says, “It was mentoring younger minds. Even now, what I want is to discover the next Ramanujan or C N R Rao.” It was this thought, along with the urge to give back to his country that made him come up with the programme.
The seeds of the idea were sown two years ago when he spoke to Prof Rao about his idea, and the latter liked it. Iyengar then set about an exhaustive selection process. After multiple selection rounds, 10 students were chosen for the scholarship, and their names will be announced at 3.30 pm on Friday at NIAS Auditorium, IISC.
Describing the students, Iyengar says, “I came across some bright students with lofty ambitions, and they are all technically good. One of them wants to win a Nobel Prize. Another wants to find a cure for blindness. We have so much potential, but there are problems like inability to articulate well and lack of confidence. Their mentors will work with them and teach them how to ask questions.”
source: http://www.newindianexpress.com / The New Indian Express / Home> States> Karnataka / by Tushar Kaushik / Express News Service / January 06th, 2017
Did you know Karnataka and Bengal share a deep-rooted literary bond? Neither did almost 800 Bengalis and 200 non-Bengalis who attended the three-day Bengali literature and cultural fest, held nearly after a decade in the city on December 25, to know that.
Ranjon Ghoshal, an engineer by profession and founding member of Bengali band Moheener Ghoraguli talked about the exchange of literature between Karnataka and Bengal since the 12th century. Ranjon is a literature and theatre enthusiast
He stated that the king who ruled Bengal and parts of Orissa in 1160 AD, Ballala Sen, hailed from the coastal region of Karnataka. Ballala Sen was a poet and literature flourished in Bengal during his reign. Ballala Sen authored two books Danasagara and Adbhutasagara.
“Bengal during the Sena regime can be considered a silver period,” said Ranjon Ghoshal. “The kingdom prospered and law and social responsibility was maintained so Bengal is indebted to the Sena dynasty,” he added.
The second link is the city of Gauda, that is located in the present day Malda. The city served as the capital of Bengal for more than 500 years and Bengal was almost synonymous to it. According to Ranjon, this co-incidence has something to do with the Goud Saraswat Brahmins of the Konkan Bay.
“I would suggest the link to the fact that Bengal had sent emissaries to coastal regions ultimately to reach the Konkan Bay. It was then that cultural colonisation took place between Bengal and Karnataka,” he said.
The third parallel drawn was when the spiritual leader,Chaitanya Mahaprabhu from Bengal started the Bhakti Movement in 15th century, his two primary disciples Roop and Sanathan were from Karnataka.
On further studying the links between two separate states, the 61-year-old literature-enthusiast found an intriguing similarity. “If you search the historical literary movements that shaped the country in the north and south, you will not find a concrete evidence to explain this coincidence. But if you search the Kabir and Chaitanya of the north separately and Dasa and Bhakti people of the south, all are contemporaries. There is a maximum of 50 years gap.” he said.
When the Kannada literary movement, Navodaya started in 20th century, it was heavily influenced by Tagore and vice-versa. Ranjon, gave the talk on the topic titled Ballal Sen to Banalata Sen, a Bengali poem written in 1942 by the poet Jibanananda Das with an idea to demarcate the span through which Bengal and Karnataka have been exchanging literature and culture.
“Bengal and Karnataka have exchanged more than glances with one another, the have looked deep into each other’s eyes with love and remand,” he said.
Pranab Mukherjee at the inauguration
The three-day event called the 89th Annual Conference was organised by Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan and was inagurated by the president of India, Pranab Mukherjee. The conference is held annually by the Bengali community to keep the regional literature alive among Bengalis living in different parts of the country.
It was held fourth time in Karnataka, the last one being in 2007 and the first one being in 1959.
“One of the biggest revelation from the conference was the historical link we share with Karnataka. Now we live in an era of mixed race. My daughter is married to a Kannadiga here but the it was amazing to know that one of our king was from Karnataka and the translation period of Karnataka and Bengal is so ancient,” said Manomita Roy, conference secretary of the event.
source: http://www.newindianexpress.com / The New Indian Express / Home> States> Karnataka / by Express News Service / December 31st, 2016